The Energy Community Secretariat has selected Trinomics and Artelys for the study of flexibility options to facilitate the integration of renewable energy sources and support decarbonization in the Energy Community towards 2040. The quantitative analysis was conducted by Artelys using the energy market model Artelys Crystal Super Grid. Future flexibility needs are analyzed and cost-optimal portfolios of flexibility solutions are determined considering a wide range of scenarios in terms of the deployment of variable renewable energy sources (vRES), coal-fired power generation phase-out and levels of interconnection capacity. All Contracting Parties (except Georgia) were modelled jointly with the EU power market area. The study highlights that no additional investments into flexibility would be needed by 2030 even in the most ambitious vRES deployment scenario. It also emphasizes that cross-border integration of power networks and markets decreases the need for investments in flexibility solutions in 2040 and drives down electricity system costs and CO2 emissions.

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